Articles 2 and 20 provide ways to limit final security. In accordance with Article 2(2) of the Protocol, this is a temporary measure, while the United Kingdom identifies and develops technology satisfactory to both parties, which carries out customs, excise, phytosanitary and other controls at the border between the United Kingdom and the European Union without identifiable border infrastructure. The rules must be designed to comply with Section 10 of the “Continuation of North-South Cooperation and Prevention of New Border Regimes” Act 2018. Polish Foreign Minister Jacek Czaputowicz on Monday set a five-year deadline for the backstop, but Irish Deputy Prime Minister Simon Coveney immediately rejected the idea. Both the European Union and the UK have said they don`t want physical infrastructure at the Irish border and would prefer the backstop never to go into effect – but they haven`t agreed on other regulations. Paul Bew, a crossbench-peer, found that the top-down character of the backstop reverses the ascending character of the Good Friday agreement, risking that “the current deterioration in North-South relations could intensify in an unpredictable and dangerous way.”  Sinn Féin, the SDLP, the Alliance Party of Northern Ireland and the Green Party in Northern Ireland support the backstop.  In the following months, the British Parliament refused three times to ratify the agreement.  In July 2019, Boris Johnson became Prime Minister of the United Kingdom and Chairman of the Conservative Party. On 28 August 2019, the Johnson government refused any negotiations with Brussels unless the backstop was abolished, which the EU said it would not. * Brexiteers fears that the backstop will keep Britain dependent on Brussels rules over which they would have no say and hinder their efforts to strike trade deals with third countries – one of the main benefits they see from leaving the European Union into the EU. First place. Some pro-Brexit politicians have said it would make Britain a “vassal state”. Barnier told French radio RTL: “Time is too short to find an alternative settlement to the Irish backstop and Britain`s divorce deal with the European Union will not be reopened to negotiations.”  Discussions resumed in the following days, so that on the 8th A joint report setting out the commitments to be expressed in the Withdrawal Agreement was published on 1 December. Until the beginning of 2019, the Westminster Parliament had voted three times against ratifying the Withdrawal Agreement, rejecting the backstop. .